DFG Imposes 50-fathom Limit on Fishing Depth for Groundfish
Byline: The Log Staff
SACRAMENTO — The California Department of Fish and Game (DFG) is limiting fishing depths in the Southern Groundfish Management Area to reduce interactions with cowcod. The DFG’s action follows a recommendation made by the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC) at its September meeting.
The DFG has determined that the 2012 cowcod take is projected to exceed the federal limit established for the non-trawl sector, which includes the recreational and commercial fixed gear fisheries, unless in-season action is taken. The DFG has decided to limit recreational groundfish fishing depths to 50 fathoms (300 feet) in the Southern Groundfish Management Area (Point Conception to the Mexico Border), effective Nov. 1.
Cowcod are one of the largest rockfish species, reaching a length of up to 37 inches and weight of up to 29 pounds. They range in color from orange to pale pink/white.
Cowcod cannot be taken or possessed by sport anglers in California. Possession was prohibited to facilitate rebuilding the stock when it was declared overfished in 1999. However, they are incidentally taken on occasion when anglers are targeting other species. By limiting bottomfishing activity for target species to only shallower depths, it is anticipated that incidental take of cowcod will be reduced, according to the DFG
“Allowable take limits for cowcod are the lowest of all the West Coast groundfish managed by PFMC, and these low limits pose the greatest constraint to Southern California anglers — and a significant challenge to fishery managers,” said Paul Hamdorf, acting DFG Marine Region Manager. “Implementing a 50-fathom depth constraint is expected to keep cowcod impacts within allowable limits and maintain conservation goals, while still providing anglers with fishing opportunities through the end of the year.”
Since being declared overfished, the DFG and the Fish and Game Commission have worked closely with the PFMC and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to implement protective measures for cowcod, including closing critical habitat (with a Cowcod Conservation Area) and prohibiting retention in most fisheries. Cowcod primarily occur in depths greater than 50 fathoms in Southern California, and are slow-growing and long-lived.
For more information regarding recreational groundfish regulations and to stay informed of in-season regulation changes, call the Recreational Groundfish Fishing Regulation Hotline at (831) 649-2801, or visit the DFG Marine Region website at dfg.ca.gov/marine.